The crochetagem was established by the Swedish physiotherapist Kurt Ekman, who worked in England to the side of the Dr. James Cyriax during the years that had succeeded World War II. Frustrated had to the palpatrio limit of the conventional techniques, also of the deep massage transversa of Cyriax, Ekman gradually elaborated a series of hooks and one technique of specific work. Its reputation was developed after getting success in the treatment of algias of the nerve of Arnold, rebellious epicondilites and tendinites of the tendo of Aquiles. Its technique had a direct and aggressive, being thus, painful boarding. This harmed during much time the application of the technique. P.
Duby and J. Burnotte if had inhaled in the concept of muscular chains and the philosophy of the osteopatia and had developed a softer boarding, through diafibrlise percutnea, technique this, that was perfected with passing of the time. The material used for its applicability is a steel hook, with two extremities, an extremity with a bigger bending and to another one with a bending minor, for better if adapting the structures to be treated. Each bending finishes in a spatula that has for objective to reduce the pressure exerted on the skin. Each spatula presents a convex external surface and a plain internal surface.
The function of the plain surface of the hook is to improve the interposition of the spatula enters inaccessible the deep plans tissulares to the fingers of the therapist, allowing the crochetagem of thin conjunctive staple fibres of the fibrosos corpsculos in sight of a selective mobilization. The technique is painless, and is divided in three stages: digital palpao, instrumental palpao and fibrlise. The digital palpao consists of the compression of the skin with the left hand on the area to be treated; the instrumental palpao is carried through with the hook, where, depending on the area, optimum side of the hook will be chosen to be used (bigger or lesser), spatula of the hook next to the left-hand indicating finger is carried through placing it; fibrlise is one complementary traction made with the hand that insurance the hook.