Berger and Luckmann (1966), cp. Nonaka and Takeuchi (1999), point out that in certain historical and social context interact people share information with which to build a knowledge social it forms a reality and this, in turn, influences their judgments, their behavior and their attitude. Peer information form to Paul and Dominique (2002), consists of structured data that remain idle and irremovable until someone uses them with enough knowledge to interpret them and prosecute them. Although they are not only data, but are they organized data for a specific purpose, who are given meaning and therefore requires thinking beings to give that meaning, still is not knowledge, until they pass by reflection and the appropriation of the human mind are they transformed into knowledge. We can understand the information as the intermediate between data or observations that are easy to capture and store and the knowledge that requires people and their analysis, their ability, experience and its adaptability for structuring and systematically relate these data (information) Accordingly, according to your needs and add value to them. In addition, pose that knowledge for its part, has been theoretically defined as justifiably certain beliefs and techniques acquired empirically.
This is operacionaliza to understand knowledge as a sequence, a continuum that ranges from data to information and to knowledge, knowledge which becomes over time experience and who grows up to become knowledge or wisdom. Under this conceptualization, the knowledge is then the interpretation and transformation of information in a tangible or intangible whose main characteristic is the useful. In this sense poses Romero (2004) as: knowledge requires a degree of reasoning and prosecution that organizes the information through their comparison and classification. An interactive exercise subject-object of knowledge, which must assume a position critically and creatively, with the purpose not only of appropriating the information available, but, in addition, and on this basis, generate new knowledge is necessary for this purpose.