Tag Archives: Cars

Industrial Development

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For several years, were issued prestigious Merak Coupe and Citroen SM, a luxurious, yet practical Khamsin, Bora and rapid Indy. They all had major supercar for properties – speed and power, comfort and luxury. Competing with Mercedes and BMW in the mid 70s in the world energy crisis erupted. Citroen loses, and in 1975 decided to close the factory Maserati. The legendary brand has saved the State Institute of Industrial Development and Relief companies in Italy under the direction of Alejandro de Tomaso, who acquired the company.

The famous designer decides to change the company's strategy and compete in the niche occupied by such European 'whale', as Mercedes-Benz and BMW. First followed by a release of new versions Quattroporte, a car has become an executive president of the Italian Republic. A remake was a big hit, and its production continued until 1990. Then came the triumph of the Biturbo, resembling a miniature Quattroporte. Basic machine series Biturbo was relatively inexpensive, but has all the advantages of two-door Maserati sedan, equipped with a new six-cylinder 2-liter twin-turbo.

Roadster, two-and four-door sedan, coupe and convertible – a few modifications Biturbo enjoyed success not only in Europe but also overseas. The success was so overwhelming that in 1984 U.S. auto giant Chrysler has acquired 15.6% shares of Maserati. In liter of displacement. Two liters capable of delivering 330 hp – This indicator has not yet been able to reach any production car world, including Formula 1 race cars! Management decision Fiat Auto in 1997 car production Maserati was transferred of Ferrari, which is one of the components of fiatovskogo concern.

Gaz 21 Model History

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November 1953. Work begins on the Volga. Lead Project Designer – Alexander Nevzorov. Leo developed the design of the machine Eremeev.1954 year. Start of construction of prototypes. They were equipped with experimental verhneklapannym engine with hemispherical combustion chamber and the camshaft chain drive (it does not matter, he emerged and into mass production did not go) .1955 year. May 3rd started official testing of three samples of 'Volga' – with two automatic transmission and one with a manual.

Part of the test was run Moscow – Crimea and back. Immediately after the first tests were obtained permission to produce drawings and preparation for production. October 10, 1956. Issue the first three production models 'GAZ-21'. They were set up to 2.432 l bored pobedovsky nizhneklapanny engine with 65 hp This car is known as the '21B '.1957 per year. Staging 'GAZ-21' on the conveyor. Volga gets own engine – verhneklapanny, with a capacity of 70 hp (Before this was nizhneklapanny, bored to 2432 cc, power 65l.s. of GAZ-20 "Victory").

On the 'Volga' first in the domestic automotive industry has been commercially installed automatic transmission. But, because of the poor situation in the country with quality oils and high quality service, was released only 700 cars with "machine guns". In just two years the first generation of 21st issue was produced about 31 000 cars. 1958. Launch of Volga second-generation vertical 16tyu holes on the radiator. There were also modified the front direction indicators and bumpers. In the same year the Soviet Automobile exposure in the international exhibition was awarded the Brussels 'Grand Prix' .1962 per year.