The cognition is described in literature as complex and of direct bonding with the language. All the symbols are constructed (socially) through neural systems. The process of cognitivo development cannot be considered of restricted form. It if of the one during all the life and is resultant of accumulated and organized experiences through the action of the individual on the way and vice versa. The relations between the speech and the cognition had become, from the last decades, objective of study of vary discipline of the linguistics.
The most varied theoretical stories they take the epistemologia, psychology and the cognitiva coherence in the attempt to describe the language, being thus investigated, the cognitivos linguistic processes of the discursiva activity of the human being. The psicolingstica has appreciated of theoretical form and metodologicamente the debate that involves the relations between the verbalizao and the cognition in way to an incessant critical confrontation and of interpretations. One knows that the mental phenomenon (cognitivo) has been first tied with the biological one, and linked the language. The trend is to consider that the terms cognition and intelligence if come back the same meant and to identify them as mental functioning. Cognition is the capacity to process information. It is the adaptation capacity the absolutely different situations in short space of time. However, the adaptation human being, in its cognitivos aspects, differs from the biological adaptation. To say that definitive species is adapted to one determined community means that it survives well in this environment.
Moved away from it, however, it will face serious difficulties of survival. It is important to stand out that the men had not only developed throughout the evolution, the capacity to adapt it definitive conditions. All this stage was guaranteed facing limits and searching efforts. The cognition engloba language, memory and, over all, logical reasoning. Of the psychological point of view, the cognition concept encloses all the capacity to process information, to react what it is perceived in the world and of the proper interior of each person.