To the measure that the child goes growing and learning, also its capacity to find its place, its better place, in the world increases. DOWN SYNDROME Sculptures of the Olmec 1 that they had lived in Mexico between 1500 AC and 300 DC is the first evidences of the knowledge of the Syndrome of Down. After this period is difficult to find in the arts something that suggests its knowledge, until century XX. Controversies exist if some paintings between centuries XIV and XVI represent people with Syndrome of Down. With the knowledge that we have today of its frequency and of its fentipo is difficult to believe that it has only been identified in 1866. It is probable that the absence of these evidences if must to the high taxes of infantile mortality of the time. The first clinical description of the Syndrome in 1866 fit the John Langdon Down.
Influenced for racism, it called mongolides those individuals with the group of observed characteristics, name never used in Russia, territory of origin of the race mongol. There they were called ' ' Down' s' '. In face of the discord how much to the term, considered as offensive in such a way for eastern researchers as for parents of patients in ocidente, as well as by the delegation of the Monglia next to the World-wide Organization of Health, the denomination Mongolism was excluded from the Lancet Magazine in 1964, of publications of the OMS in 1965 and the Index Medicus in 1975. Today this term is considered archaic. After the description of Down started a great controversy on the etiology of the Syndrome. It was attributed the infectious causes initially as tuberculosis and sfilis; the patients they had arrived to be considered ' ' children inacabadas' '. Later she was attributed the illnesses of tireide. The chromosomic disjunction was not suggested initially by Waardenburg in 1932.