In Japanese phonetics, there are 5 (a, b, y, u, e) phonemes. Vowels are short and long. They never change the timbre of his sound: do not pass each other and are uncertain. Vowel sounds almost in any position in a word are pronounced distinctly. Hard consonants in Japanese, have a corresponding pair of soft. Most of the syllables of the language ending vowel, as well as a vowel can make a syllable. Distinguish words to each other can the duration of vowel sounds.
The main consonants in Japanese – is a, b, n, r, k, q, r, s, c, x, m, n, th. There are also so-called nasal consonants, which are located at the end of a syllable. Most consonants, situated in front vowels y, a, a mitigated. Unlike Russian and English languages, where the feature differences make sense is to stress, in Japanese this role is assigned to detonation (pitch). In most dialects Japanese after the separation of syllables detonation decreases.
Feature of the morphology of the Japanese language is the technique of "agglutination" or "bonding" basic morphemes (endings and suffixes) from the root word. Between morphemes in words there are certain limits (this applies to affixes and roots). For a certain element of the content is fixed a definite means of expression. Categories such as gender and number in Japanese, no. However, there special system of nominal classes. Vocabulary of Japanese language is divided into three groups. The first – the historically Japanese words or wagons, and the second – words whose origins are Chinese or Kang, third – borrowed from other language words (most of borrowing – from European languages) or gayraygo.